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So you’re thinking of becoming a contractor? Perhaps you are looking for the flexibility that comes with working in this way, or perhaps you are working in an industry where all the best jobs seem to go to contractors.
Whatever your reasons for choosing this kind of work, starting out as a contractor means that you need reliable information. We have answered some of the most commonly asked questions for you.
The first – and probably the scariest – step is to give notice at your current job. Then you can begin looking for contract work. It is possible to look for contract work while still in your job, but most agencies and clients want people who are available to actually start work as soon as possible. A minority of contracts are advertised several weeks in advance, but your options are very limited if you are on four weeks’ notice.
Getting your first contract is the next step. You may already have contacts in your industry who can give you leads to follow up, but most contractors use agencies to find work, particularly when they are starting out.
Then you need to decide how you will operate as a contractor. There are three main options, which this guide will discuss more fully later.
Once you have made your decision, it is time to negotiate and sign your first contract. What you need to do at this point depends on your own circumstances and how you have decided to operate. You may need professional advice.
Working as a sole trader is a fairly simple option. You need to register as self-employed with HMRC and keep basic accounts, something that PayStream’s My CIS service can help with if you are working in the construction industry. You will have to pay income tax at the same rate as an employed person, plus Class 2 national insurance contributions and possibly Class 4 contributions too.
You must be genuinely self-employed to work in this way. Changes to the law in April 2014 means that if you are working via an agency and you incorrectly classify yourself as ‘self-employed,’ your agency may be liable for any underpaid tax and national insurance. If you are supervised, directed or controlled in your work, is it unlikely that you will be regarded by HMRC as genuinely self-employed and an umbrella company, such as My Max, may be more appropriate for you.
The main disadvantage of contracting as a sole trader comes when you are looking for work. Most contracting work is arranged through agencies, and most agencies will not deal with sole traders. They usually prefer to deal with umbrella companies or with contractors operating through their own limited companies.
The other big disadvantage of working as a sole trader is the liability issue: you are personally liable for acts or omissions and for any debts you may incur. You need to consider whether you are prepared to take this risk.
Operating through a limited company will make it easier for you to get work through agencies. The other big advantage is that, as the name suggests, your liability for any debts incurred by your business is limited. As a separate legal entity the limited company will be liable for its own debts, so as long as you, as a director, do not owe the company money and you do not breach your duties as a director you will not be liable personally for any debts.
A downside of having your own limited company can be that it costs time and money to set up and run. Handling the paperwork isn’t easy when you are also trying to get started as a contractor. However, the good news is that there are companies that can help you with this. For example, PayStream offers a service called My PSC for contractors outside IR35. With My PSC, PayStream helps set up the limited company on your behalf and provides bespoke accountancy advice which is specifically tailored to your needs, making the process much simpler and less scary than you may think.
Working through an umbrella company, such as that offered by PayStream, has many advantages if you are a contractor. If you use an umbrella company such as My Max from PayStream, you become an employee of the umbrella company. That means you don’t have to worry about taxes, IR35 compliance or keeping detailed accounts. You will have the benefit of being in continuous employment, which can help with mortgages or loan applications and means your pension will build up in one place. You will also have access to statutory benefits such as Statutory Sick Pay, Statutory Maternity and Paternity pay. Inclusive insurance is another benefit.
A good umbrella company like My Max will invoice clients for you and then handle your PAYE and NI deductions, just like any other employer and this means that the money you receive is yours to keep. As an employee of My Max you will also have access to an online portal making it easy to join, process timesheets and view payslips.
Using an umbrella company will also make it easier to get work through agencies. As we’ve mentioned, agencies prefer to deal with umbrella companies or limited companies rather than with sole traders, which means you will have access to greater work related opportunities.